Enceladus is the 6th largest moon of Saturn. It has the distinction of being the most reflective object in the solar system. The bond albedo of Enceladus is 0.81. Let’s figure out what the average temperature of Enceladus should be using the standard approach. This is determined by 2 things: Insolation Longwave Radiation from Saturn.Continue reading “Us and Enceladus”
Climate “scientists” look at Earth’s geothermal heat flux, see that it’s small (~0.1 W/m²), and then conclude geothermal can’t possibly predominantly explain Earth’s surface temperature. This is plain wrong. I came up with an illustration to demonstrate my point a while ago: This is a fictional planet. I did this on purpose to accentuate myContinue reading “Geothermal Denial”
The Earth and the Moon have been neighbors for a very long time. We should expect long term steady state heat transfer from Earth’s internal energy (without Sun) to the Moon to be equal to Earth’s geothermal heat flux. To my knowledge, no one has ever made this claim. Sound outrageous? Let’s see… According toContinue reading “Geothermal to the Moon!”
Fourier is considered a direct predecessor to mainstream climatology. Mainstream climatology follows him and purposefully neglects geothermal energy in Earth’s energy budget due to the belief that it is too small. This then allows them to make the outrageous claim that it is IR-absorbing gases in the atmosphere that boosts surface temperatures to what weContinue reading “Fourier’s Accidental Confession”
Many people believe you can compare the Geothermal Heat Flux to Insolation, see that it’s pitiful and then exclude Geothermal from the energy budget. I have touched on this subject several times: here, here, and here. Today I will again show that this idea is plain nonsense. Let’s start with the basics of radiation: TheContinue reading “Equating Perpendicular Planes is Plain Nonsense”
You’ve probably heard it before: the geothermal heat flux is so small (91.6 mW/m²) that it can be effectively ignored in Earth’s energy budget. The first part is true, the heat flux is small, but this fact is completely irrelevant. And what is relevant is popularly denied and masked as something else. I’ve already explainedContinue reading “The Irrelevance of Geothermal Heat Flux”
Mimas is a small moon of Saturn. It is most famous for being the inspiration for the Death Star in the popular movie Star Wars. But from this day it will be famous for refuting mainstream climate science. How you ask? Well … let’s examine its external energy sources: 1) Insolation. The insolaton at MimasContinue reading “The Strange Case of Mimas”
In a previous article, I examined the average moon temperature (AMT). You may have noticed that there’s been about ~3 degree K warming in the last decade. According to [Vasavada 2012], the mean equatorial temperature between 2009 and 2011 was about 213K, whereas the 2017-2018 data from UCLA and WUSTL shows that to be aboutContinue reading “Lunar Warming”
This was derived from NCEP Reanalysis data, in the tradition of Measuring Geothermal … Enjoy 🙂 -Zoe Addendum geochg.sh: Run it: Windows users need imagemagick package from Cygwin.
I’m going to ignore the typical nonsense mainstream narrative, and do this analysis in the tradition of: Measuring Geothermal – A Revolutionary Hypothesis. I will use 41 years of NCEP Reanalysis Data. Create a new file fluxchange.sh, and paste: Run it: The results are changes for years 1979 to 2019 (inclusive). The upwelling radiation fluxContinue reading “What caused 40 years of global warming?”
I used to be a fan of Joseph Postma before I realized he’s very stubborn and on the wrong track headed for a dead end. I hope he turns around. I highly recommend that everyone read his great series … The Fraud of the Greenhouse Effect (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9,Continue reading “Deducing Geothermal”
About a dozen people who have read my article, the case of two different fluxes, have dismissed my central argument by invoking a silly theory. The most famous critic, Willis Eschenbach (of WUWT fame), thus writes: Zoe, I just took a look at your page. I fear that you’ve made a mathematical mistake. The problemContinue reading “Two theories, one ideological, other verified”
You are sitting on a hot plate (Geothermal). There is a heat lamp pointing down at you (Sun). There are gases in between the lamp and the plate. Mainstream climate scientists believe the surface temperature can only be explained by the heat lamp and the gases. Yes, it “must” be the gases that make itContinue reading “Hot Plate, Heat Lamp, and Gases in Between”
I downloaded a big collection of borehole data from U of Michigan for us to analyze.